Clang vs gcc performance

26 May 2016 On the compiler toolchain side, there are ports of both GCC and LLVM for RISC-V . 0. 0 x64. In addition to the Microsoft Visual C++ compiler that many of you are likely familiar with, Visual Studio 2017 also supports Clang, GCC, and other compilers when targeting certain platforms. The Goal GCC vs Clang (LLVM) Benchmarks. 1 where GCC 4. Fast compile times. VS produces code that is 1. Visual Studio 2019 includes out of the box support for editing, This section talks about the experience provided by the command line compiler, contrasting Clang output to GCC 4. 3 x64 Clang 4. BoostCon 16,798 views Microsoft Visual Studio 2017 supports several C++ compilers to suit a wide variety of codebases. g. LLVM turns out to be slower to build the code than GCC but has reached GCC level of performances. 8 vs GCC 6. GCC has a 1% to 4% performance advantage over Clang and LLVM for most programs at the O2 and O3 levels, and on average has an approximately 3% Program performance is affected by the choice of the compiler. Clang is a compiler front end for the C, C++, Objective-C and Objective-C++ programming languages. 8 was released last month with the Clang compiler having feature-complete C++ support, enhancements to the DragonEgg GCC plug-in, a near feature-complete alternative to libstdc++, a drop-in system assembler, ARM code-generation improvements, and many other changes. 0 performance data from OpenBenchmarking. 1, and LLVM Clang 8. By default, Clang builds C++ code according to the C++98 standard, with many C++11 features accepted as extensions. Re: clang vs free software LLVM3. Ideally, yum would CLANG is going to be the default compiler for the base OS, it's the best alternative to the old gcc(1) right now for world and kernel. At least to report on what llvm commit it is based on. 7. First, all diagnostics produced by clang include full column number information. Clang/LLVM vs. 2 code base as present in SPECINT 2000. LLVM Clang 4. 0 Front End in FreeBSD ports; LLVM Binaries for Mingw32/x86 (13M) LLVM-GCC 4. Now another developer has done more extensive Ruby benchmarks on varying versions of GCC and Clang does it? >> Ok, with Clang 2. The latest preview brings Clang into the fold. The Clang codebase is more modular and less of a tangled mess, by all For this experiment, we are going to use three compilers Clang 3. On debug builds, zapcc was about 2 times faster than gcc and 3 times faster than clang. The name "LLVM" itself is not an acronym; it is the full name of the project. 1. 9 vs. With gcc, the situation is more complicated - the -O3 and -O3 -march=native levels result in slightly worse performance, although the difference is not as significant as for clang. performance comparison - gcc and llvm-gcc. From developer viewpoint, a notable difference between GCC 4. This library certainly needs a better name. GCC or clang are both great for C++ development as they are conforming C++14 implementations. The LLVM Project is a collection of modular and reusable compiler and toolchain technologies. Title Replacing GCC with Clang/LLVM compiler Year 2018 Language English Pages 57 Name of Supervisor Timo Kankaanpää This is a research project focusing on what advantages it would give for a compa-ny to change using Clang compiler instead of GCC. In conclusion, we can see that zapcc is always faster than both GCC and Clang, on my template-heavy library. Both GCC and Clang approach their most intensive tasks in roughly the same way, and get similar performance. 1 Preview 2 comes with support for Clang/LLVM out-of-the-box. Fast again reduces the overall performance. FreeBSD 10 To Use Clang Compiler, Deprecate GCC 711 Posted by timothy on Sunday May 13, 2012 @01:12PM from the squash-it-like-a-figurative-bug dept. 5 Linux Compiler Benchmarks". ) We have two compilers clang and gcc. It basically states that FreeBSD, starting from Version 10 and above will deprecate GCC in favor of Clang/LLVM. Over the years, phoronix published several articles comparing of performance of various clang and gcc versions, suggesting that while clang improves over time, gcc still wins in most benchmarks - except maybe "compilation time" where clang is a clear winner. 0 (clang-800. Development is sponsored by Apple. The gcc compiler can optimize code by taking advantage of CPU specific features. 4 is a good example of that). When gcc proves faster on x86_64 or at least matches clang we may switch back to gcc - but recently the performance difference is significant. org and the Phoronix Test Suite. Jan 31, 2015. Clang Power Tools is a freeopen source Visual Studio extension helping Visual Studio C++ developers leverage Clang/LLVM tools (clang++, clang-tidy and clang-format), in order to perform various code transformations and fixes like modernizing code to C++ 11 / 14 / 17 and finding subtle latent bugs with its static analyzer and C++ Core Guidelines checks. 24 Apr 2019 Visual Studio has had great tooling for MSVC and GCC for quite a while now. Clang tries to be compatible with GCC, but sometimes it just quietly ignores them. GCC Please, let's not make this PR into a general gcc vs. 5. The LLVM compiler targets the Low Level Virtual Machine, just as the Perl compiler targets the Perl runtime. 3. exe and mc. It's probably quite safe to use a newer GCC for ports by default. Indeed, clang-4. 9. 42. 2 Preview 3 includes built-in Clang/LLVM support for MSBuild projects. com/ncm/nytm-spelling-bee. Visual Studio 2019 version 16. The new front-end technology in Arm Compiler 6 extends source code compatibility with code bases that are written for GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) to nearly 100%. 3 for most tests is at least comparable to GCC « Nobu from their Forums supplied a conclusion which represents the data much better: » GCC is much faster in anything which uses OpenMP, and moderately faster or equal in anything (except compile times) which doesn't [use OpenMP] « Research Computing Center. Microsoft, we need to talk about Visual Studio 52 This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged GCC vs Clang vs Visual Studio Visual C++ 2008 vs 2012 Visual Studio 2012 too slow Visual Studio Compilation performance Visual Studio takes too long Visual Studio unresponsive Visual Studio very slow on December 13, 2013 by Matias An anonymous reader quotes a report from Ars Technica: Google's Chrome browser is now built using the Clang compiler on Windows. 0 SVN did outperform GCC 8. 4. From: Toon Moene <toon at moene dot org>; To: Jonathan Wakely <jwakely dot gcc at gmail dot com>; Cc: Chris Lattner <clattner at apple dot com>, Steven Bosscher <stevenb dot gcc at gmail dot com>, Eric Raymond <esr at thyrsus dot com>, Helmut Eller <eller dot helmut at gmail dot com>, rms at gnu dot org, GCC Mailing List <gcc at gcc dot gnu dot org> The most impressive difference, though, was on Linux, where we’re getting more than 5% performance improvements on most Talos tests (up to 18% (!) on some tests) compared to GCC 6. 3 from his article "LLVM Clang 3. For those wondering how the LLVM Clang vs. For C++ addicts, here is a comparison of the C++11 support between GCC, Visual Studio 2012, Clang (Apple’s compiler that works with LLVM) and Intel C++ compiler. While Clang 6. 5 times slower for clang. Note that the support for LLVM at NERSC is experimental. org mailing Re: clang vs free software and LLVM3. 1 (top of SVN trunk, as always). 0 Clang 4. the_real_tigga writes " OpenMag features a benchmark review of the Intel C/C++ compiler as opposed to gcc on linux and Microsoft Visual Studio compiler on Windows XP. The test machine is a quad-core Intel i7 Q740 processor with 16GB of RAM. However, the C++ compiler only works when some specific GCC versions are installed together, and the GCC version 4. 0 on 5x Intel and AMD systems GCC 8. 0, DragonEgg with LLVM 2. 3 on Linux  29 May 2018 (Indeed, Firefox has been using clang-cl for Windows static analysis builds for some time. In general, most differences are caused by different compiler part implementations in Clang and GCC. 5, is now available for download as it faces potential competition from the up-and-coming version 5 of the GCC (GNU Compiler Collection). AOCC - AMD Threadripper. Just the type of benchmarks I was looking for seeing as my GCC 8 support for Centmin Mod Nginx builds is progressing too Insofar clang is new code, it would appear that they have squandered any opportunity for making real improvements opting instead for putting lipstick on a pig. 2svn with libc++, GCC 4. 8. This page describes differences in AddressSanitizer between Clang and GCC (both runtime and compiler parts). Its goal is to offer a replacement to the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC). 0-16ubuntu3)  rations of GCC may affect the performance of the Linux kernel. Pro's of GCC vs Clang: GCC supports languages that Clang does not aim to, such as Java, Ada, FORTRAN, Go, etc. Visual Studio has had great tooling for MSVC and GCC for quite a while now. I will try to update the benchmark once new versions of GCC / CLang are available. 4 and clang 3. 4 Clang 3. An anonymous reader writes "Shared in last quarter's FreeBSD status report are developer plans to have LLVM/Clang become the default compiler and to deprecate GCC . Free -- a version of Visual C/C++ is available for personal or commercial use from Microsoft's website. As for GCC vs Clang/LLVM, I do quite alot of benchmarking and have tried both (and ICC, Ekopath, Open64 etc) quite extensively and GCC typically generates 5-15% faster code on my core i5/i7 machines than clang/llvm at -O3/-Ofast. LLVM Clang benchmarking on Linux x86_64. Since receiving the powerful NVIDIA Jetson AGX Xavier with its ARMv8 Carmel cores on this Tegra194 SoC a while back, it's been quite a fun developer board for benchmarking and various Linux tests. 2, and updated versions of SystemTap, Valgrind, OProfile, and other tools clang does not have an equivalent to gcc's "fold"; this means that clang doesn't accept some constructs gcc might accept in contexts where a constant expression is required, like "x-x" where x is a variable, or calls to C library functions like strlen. 1 of my ETL project  28 Aug 2017 Switching from android gcc to clang produces slower binaries. 3! works fine in VS 2013 but doesn't compile in either GCC 4. The Clang compiler is developed by the LLVM project. We still use Microsoft’s headers and libraries to build Chrome, we still use some SDK binaries like midl. These flags represent significant steps forward for people programming in C or C++ with gcc or clang. GCC is nearly standard in Linux world, and it adds a lot of non-standard features which are widely used in Linux software. 15. For instance, in C mode, GCC supports nested functions and has an extension Performance and GCC compatibility. - Full Mac (32-bit), Cygwin, and Linux (64-bit) cross-compiler support. For Clang I usually use the trunk version (again, because it is easy to build), but I never saw it generating wrong output. Other compilers are improving the support: Who knows, by Better Clang support is coming as of PostgreSQL 9. Extensive BTW, you might simply (if your VM has the same word size, alignment constraints, and endianness than your native machine, or as some target machine supported by some existing GCC cross-compiler) prototype your C compiler as a GCC plugin working on Gimple. Both of them have pretty smart optimizations built in and both have cases where they totally fail to do something smart. Apple are pushing the LLVM/clang combination. . 9 I succeeded in building my project with PCH, thanks. It had worked well, and had all the features I needed---mostly the beautiful C++11/C++14 compiler and the easy-to-use Clang-Format. In addition to the language extensions listed here, Clang aims to support a broad range of GCC extensions. 7 a encore de l'avance, je n'ai pas vu de concluant repères encore), mais pour les étudiants d'apprendre qu'il n'a pas vraiment d'importance de toute façon. Although many developers prefer developing in C/C++ using GCC, developer David Bolton (in a new Dice article) makes an argument for why you should switch to Clang. But, they are not going to do that and from now on clang on OS X will report the version of Xcode (which is also 7). GCC C/C++ compiler performance is comparing as we end out 2017, here are some recent benchmarks using the latest Clang 6. #Programming I have this code which works fine in VS 2013 but doesn't compile in either GCC 4. Performance is slightly better with gcc binaries, around 3%. 5 Aug 2019 Learn more about the Clang compiler and the specific flags you can use to doesn't give a lot of guarantees to developers in terms of performance. 2) and come to depend solely on clang tools for OSX/iOS development. 4/4. Further reading: Building better software with better tools: sanitizers versus Actually, FloatPrecision. But those are very outdated questions(2011). This is an objective comparison of the applications, usage and language characteristics of C and C++. The “basic” library contains a number of low-level utilities for tracking and manipulating source buffers, locations within the source buffers, diagnostics, tokens, target abstraction, and information about the subset of the language being compiled for. For better performance, we instruct Clang to use the Polly loop optimizer and the native lld linker. clang vs gcc performance (1) I have simple code with conversion operator and it seems like all compilers are giving different results, was curious which compiler, if any, is correct? I tried different combinations as well, but below ones are the most interesting. 0 Performance With Both Compiler Updates Coming Soon As for the peak x86-64 GCC performance I already wrote option for the peak I am obviously slightly biased being involved in LLLVM, but I believe that LLVM/clang is generally the better choice of compiler for Windows. All of them are interesting. 1 vs GCC 4. Tested with GCC 8, GCC 9. The Clang Static Analyzer is a source code analysis tool that finds bugs in C, C++, and Objective-C programs. It's also staring down the prospect of an alternate version hardened against errors and memory leaks by way of formal mathematical proofs. Clang vs. Clang tends to have more instrumentation tooling. multiple C/C++ compilers on a single  28 Nov 2017 Effort has been focused on correctness first, now moving to performance enhancements. Recent switch of official Firefox builds to Clang on all platforms has triggered some questions about the quality of code produced by GCC compared to Clang. I use Firefox as an ocassional testcase for GCC optimization and thus I am somewhat familiar with its build procedure and benchmarking. to the GCC bugtracker but they make signing up extremely hard. * GCC supports many language extensions, some of which are not implemented by Clang. It is done by comparing the Centmin Mod Nginx performance compared with different GCC/Clang compilers Centmin Mod Nginx & custom Caddy web server compiled and benchmarked with different GCC/Clang compilers here. ABI compatibility with gcc’s libstdc++ for some low-level features such as exception objects, rtti and memory allocation. Visual Studio 2019 includes out of the box support for editing, Not a problem in its own right, but not very convenient, especially when compared to other platforms: apt-get install clang-3. 0 (N) release, AOSP uses clang instead of gcc to compile its userland. 0 vs. One of the areas I was curious about was whether GCC or Clang would generate faster code for this high performance ARM SoC, so here are some benchmarks. com/2018/09/12/looking-at-firefox-performance-57-vs-63/. 6. The November 2018 Developer Toolset 8 release included GCC 8. LLVM Clang Linux x86_64 compiler comparison with a dozen systems from  Clang vs GCC (GNU Compiler Collection). 4 Already Has Some Performance in generated code performance, it makes GCC people For those wondering how the LLVM Clang vs. "LLVM-GCC is a C front-end for the Low-Level Virtual Machine but its back-end is a modified version of GCC (4. 0 SVN were tests on 12 distinct 64-bit systems and a total of 62 benchmarks run on each system with each of the four compilers Here's a look at this massive data set for seeing the current GCC vs. And I was surprised! while arm7 binaries made by clang reports so big performance degradation against gcc, arm8 binaries gives almost same result for both compilers. After all, it seems that Go is faster at running the loop. Building Clang/LLVM efficiently Squeeze maximum performance out of the toolchain Clang vs. You may also want to check if some "creative person" has messed with the memory timings in the BIOS "for that extra bit of performance". GCC 7 January 2017 Compiler Benchmarks. I did it and I got back lost performance. Visual Studio 2019  This study compared the performance of two major compilers, LLVM and GCC on a32-bit EISC embedded processor. More interesting compiler benchmarks on AMD Ryzen for Clang 4 vs Clang 5 vs GCC 6 vs GCC 7 vs GCC 8 Ryzen Compiler Performance: Clang 4/5 vs. Unfortunately, on this code, Visual performance is not on par with `clang` nor `gcc`. Final update: Clang and Musl are much better than we initial thought! Bits & more by René Rebe. Clang is popular on BSD. " “LLVM 2. BOLT (Binary Optimization and Layout Tool) is designed to improve the application performance by laying out code in a manner that helps CPU better utilize its caching and branch predicting resources. 2. This time I’d like to see how different compilers stack up based on the documentation for the pre-release versions of these compilers. They make it a lot more likely that your code will be reliable. Phoronix recently published an article “Ryzen Compiler Performance: Clang 4/5 vs. Clang is largely independent from GCC, but as of the writing of this article, Clang still uses several shared libraries installed by GCC (namely, crtbegin. 9 SVN compiler to see how these two dominant compilers are Clang vs GCC (GNU Compiler Collection) Pro's of GCC vs Clang: GCC supports languages that Clang does not aim to, such as Java, Ada, FORTRAN, Go, etc. With Haswell and Ivy Bridge era systems the GCC vs. 16 Oct 2018 Are there any good comparisons of LLVM vs GCC? that sometime around 2013 LLVM caught up to GCC in optimizing the binary for execution speed. 2 不过这个问题后来解决了,我不知道是clang支持了gdb还是gdb支持了clang。至少我当前在Ubuntu下用clang 3. c99 definition of This document describes the language extensions provided by Clang. To me they are very different tools. In contrast to Sketch, 176. cagain: (-1. 2,  I don't have a dog in the GCC-vs-Clang hunt, but I love love love that the two are what's the purpose of moving from GCC to Clang ? especially if performance  14 Sep 2012 The "conventional wisdom" was that icc was best by large margin (both as code size and speed), gcc most widespread and multiplatform, and  18 Jul 2018 Just a few datapoints, as this is too large for a tweet. 3 vs. ) We might continue to require that things build with MSVC and GCC on Performance tuning becomes somewhat more straightforward when you I' d also argue that one vs. P. 1 is faster than GCC-6. 0 vs GCC 7. One Response to “Speed Test: Comparing Intel C++, GNU C++, and LLVM Clang Compilers” Robert Shuler December 4, 2015 On a double precision or long double precision intensive compute problem, single threaded code generated by Boreland C 5. Both a GCC-compatible compiler driver (clang) and an MSVC-compatible compiler driver (clang-cl. 4 on Windows for quite some time. It's not "Clang/LLVM" based gcc compiler, that's gcc ported to use the LLVM backend. spec has a single pref to switch compiler) but rather we're going to use the best tool for the actual task. 1, as noted in the release notes, and I think it shows a lot of promise as an alternative to GCC. Currently seeing +/- 20% executed insts vs GCC at O3  15 Jan 2014 So this post is some unfiltered thoughts on libjit and LLVM - what's similar, platforms (FreeBSD is deprecating gcc in favor of LLVM & Clang too), and is Now, a disclaimer: I did not benchmark libjit's compilation speed vs. 8+ and clang 3. 1 development, LLVM Clang 7. State of Clang 1. 0 with BLAKE2 crypto performance. * GCC supports more targets than LLVM. In this article the compiler performance is being The C++ product team here at Microsoft offers a great C++ experience in the Visual Studio IDE, the Visual Studio Code editor, and various other tools and services. It is compiled against the gcc and thus cannot be used with intel-based programming environments. Fast -- as a modern, optimizing compiler gcc produces relatively efficient code ; Note: gcc and g++ should not be capitalized (to distinguish gcc from GCC). c). 0 visual studio 2017 version 15. 3 is that GCC has the -Og command line I used ndk 15 and I compared clang and gcc binaries. 2 v clang 3. 1 that would avoid these issues. 125563 and GCC 4. Mar 14, 2013 • It’s been more than half a year since my last comparison of the C++11 support across different compilers. 0 benchmarks, GCC 4. Specific post results here. Features and Goals. So there's definitely something wrong with floating point optimizations. This stresses the back-end's performance on generating assembly code and debug information. For those curious how both compilers are currently performing, here is our latest installment of GCC vs. 3 Compiler Benchmarks On Five AMD/Intel Linux Systems - Phoronix. 5 vs Clang 5. 0 is set to be released in February while GCC 7 will be released as stable in March~April. I am actively working on making GCC better for compilation of larger programs like Firefox and it is not hard to measure that GCC build binaries are smaller and faster in general. C vs C++ comparison. Make vs Ninja Performance Comparison. What's your take on the whole situation? So I was surfing the net and stumbled upon this article. 6. 2017-03-03 fm4dd. How to install GCC 8 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux—Use yum to install GCC 8 as well as Clang/LLVM 6. 9's output in some cases. Minimal memory use. GCC's performance is only marginally affected by the smart-pointer type change. Checking this box will install the new toolset and the corresponding project templates. Moreover, the performance of the generated executable are almost similar. C++11/14 compiler and library shootout. 7 still has the lead, I haven't seen conclusive benchmarks yet), but for students to learn it does not really matter anyway. This talk in brief • Better compile-time performance We compare debug “-O0 -g” compile times vs GCC 4. There GCC and C vs C++ Speed, Measured. - Clang 3. The llvm core libraries along with the clang compiler is only available on Cori at the moment. Performance is still under investigation, but initial results seem to indicate a 6% slowdown on Mac and a 16% slowdown on Linux. GCC compile time Both Clang and GCC are compiled with GCC 4. For students, I would unconditionally recommend Clang. Especially for ARM CPU's, this can have impact on application performance. 0, the most recent release of the LLVM infrastructure. New Red Hat compilers toolsets in beta: Clang and LLVM, GCC, Go, Rust. The more compilers you use, the more you can increase your code quality. Is GCC still the recommended compiler to use for iOS deployment of Unity generated content? Will UT at some point move to recommend Clang? Is Clang generated code counter-advised by UT for whatever reason (e. 1 vs GCC 7. 2). Such optimizations would allow performance improvements as well as some size While using LLVM is faster at building code than GCC… in most instances the GCC 4. I don't have a dog in the GCC-vs-Clang hunt, but I love love love that the two are leapfrogging each other. gnu. I must say I wasn’t expecting switching from GCC to clang would make such a difference. the test harness performance as between GCC 4. Standard, FloatMode. It brings together the modern LLVM compiler infrastructure and the highly optimized Arm C libraries to produce performance and power optimized embedded software for the Arm architecture. 5. However, they both stay slower than Visual Studio which has made good performance improvements in its 2010 release. The origins and development trajectory of the two programming languages are also discussed. 1 compare to the new Clang? Because of GCC's move to the GPL v3, FreeBSD was forced to remain using GCC 4. 3 and later implement all of the ISO C++ 2011 standard. Adding "-Os" to OPT_INLINE in the Makefile partially corrects the performance (to something like 2000K c/s - still 20% slower than GCC 4. First of all, LLVM itself is not really comparable to GCC. 0编译出的二进制文件已经可以顺利用gdb调试了。 最后一点,其他同学也有讲到,就是Clang采用的是BSD协议。这是苹果资助LLVM、FreeBSD淘汰GCC换用Clang的一个重要原因。 This is the mail archive of the [email protected] On Linux, a "compiler" is usually a synonym to gcc, but clang is gaining more and more adoption. GCC supports many language extensions, some of which are not implemented by Clang. Can you use  Then, for each compiled version, I ran redis-benchmark in two modes, repeated each test But, you'll also notice clang outperforms GCC in most benchmarks. I should > expect you could put together binary packages for clang and gcc, along > with libraries, include files, a debugger, and an IDE, all within a > single installer file. GCC 7. Clang has been improving in recent times, but some Since the clang has been recently upgraded to clang-3. LLVM-GCC 4. 2 % vs clang on hello. Clang 3. GCC 6/7/8 Benchmarks”, and there are many results in that article that surprises me One such is the result for SciMark that shows that GCC generates much slower code than LLVM – there is a big difference in several tests, and the composite score is 25% lower. The clang command-line compiler driver uses this information to print "point diagnostics". Goldsborough “clang-useful: Building useful tools with LLVM and clang for fun and profit" - Duration: 1:22:41. 5 times slower for GCC and around 3. the World! Hal Finkel, Brian Homerding, Michael Kruse Top 12 tests where performance trends towards GCC on noisy system •Instructon cache What are the performance gains of the new Clang vs the older GCC that the project uses? How do the same binaries compiled in GCC 4. So, what about the performance of PostgreSQL binaries themselves when built with each compiler? 176. All numbers agains GCC 4. 1 Nginx compiled benchmarks Updated Feb. Really, if you are using gcc or clang and you are not using these flags, you are not being serious. 1 is much faster for compilation than clang-3. GCC is currently the defacto-standard open source compiler today, and it routinely compiles a huge volume of code. Clang is designed to be highly compatible with GCC. Clang performance. gcc vs clang Let’s try to compile oggenc. Here you can post your patches for review. 17 Apr 2017 LLVM's Clang and GNU Project's gcc compilers make up the bulk of C and C++ compilers in the open-source space, and they are also bundled  Learn the definition of LLVM (Low Level Virtual Machine), and get answers to FAQs When it comes to performance differences, GCC has been considered . What are the performance gains of the new Clang vs the older GCC that the project uses? How do the same binaries compiled in GCC 4. 3, all the GCC versions are slower than GCC-4. 6 Sep, 2014 in facets / heliosearch / native code / off-heap data / performance / solr tagged clang vs gcc / Faceted Search / faceting performance / llvm vs gcc / native code / native code faceting / solr faceting / solr facets / solr jni by yonik (updated on April 28, 2015) » The performance of LLVM/Clang 3. The LLVM project is a collection of modular compiler and toolchain technologies. Availability. Clang implements many GCC compiler intrinsics purely for compatibility. there may be appreciable performance improvements when combined with the -O* flags. To me, the compiler in LLVM has more in common with the Perl compiler than with GCC. You can use Clang in C++11 mode with the -std=c++11 option. LLVM has its own compiler front-end, clang, for C and C++, but it is not nearly as complete or mature as the GNU Compiler Collection. Nothing related to Clang. 8 built with GCC 8. 4. It would suck if, say, Clang were so much better than GCC that they stopped doing cool work on it (and vice versa). 22nd 2011: after some very good feedback from (among others) Mark Wielaard, Florian Weimer, Roman Divacky and Chris Lattner himself, I decided to re-run my tests with new compiler versions (Clang trunk rev. Even the GCC manual says that using -funroll-loops and -funroll-all-loops will make code Clang vs GCC build time (make -j8) Binary size is also reduced on Mac, 13% for debug and 5% for release, but on Linux the binaries grow an average of 117% in debug, and 5% in release. Clang may ultimately displace GCC for GCC’s most important use-cases, but in the meantime it offers some immediate benefits to at least some kinds of compiler users, such as developers. CLANG vs GCC tests of fortran/f2c program be a clear performance improvement over GCC. Formula used by Clang to thrash the loop sum’s. And that is with clang 6. Pour les étudiants, je unconditionnally recommander Clang. I had used LLVM 3. 0 SVN and GCC 8. (Previous changelogs: RTM Part 1, RTM Part 2, Update 1, Update 2 features, and Update 2 fixes. 6 preview Patrik Huber reported Feb 07, 2018 at 11:51 AM Thank you very much for your responses. Confirmed a 12% perf regression for clang vs gcc on Pixel 2. For more information and examples, please see the Expressive Diagnostics page. LLVM Clang Linux x86_64 compiler comparison with a dozen systems from various generations of Intel and AMD CPUs and using 62 benchmarks tested on GCC 8/9 and Clang 7/8 releases. GCC 6. Mar 4, 2014 • It’s been almost a year since my last comparison of C++11 support across different compilers, so I decided to take a break from working on my book about C++11/14 features in VS2013, and see how things have changed. Note that Clang is not a replacement for Visual Studio, but an addition to it. Performance testing GCC and Clang lead to the creation of this benchmark of different compilers on C++ code, compiled in release mode with recorded times. Using the default compiler options, a program (chess game) takes 6 seconds to run on processor P1 when compiled with clang, and 5 seconds when compiled with gcc. We use LLVM 5. Compilation Time The first thing that I tested has been the compilation time of the two compilers to compile eddic with different flags. The average times decoding a 4000x3000pixel image in milliseconds for GCC and clang with different optimization levels: Re: clang vs free software. So it looks like with SSE3, MSVC and 0. The rest of the toolchain is an evolution of the highly optimized and familiar Arm Compiler 5 tools - armlink, armasm, armar and fromelf. git  24 Jan 2014 the comparative performance of GCC versus Clang, Richard Stallman side, and the engineering pragmatists on the other (Linus vs RMS). View Full Post. Watch Queue Queue LLVM-GCC and Clang were about 23% slower()Though LLVM / Clang isn't the performance champion at this point, both components continue to be under very active development and there will hopefully be more news to report in the coming months ^ a b "GCC 4. 9 VS. We now use Clang to build Chrome for all platforms it runs on: macOS, iOS, Linux, Chrome OS, Android, and Windows. 5, while Clang is approximately 25% slower. Moving towards larger scale tests and performance benchmarks. Compiler benchmarks, Compiler performance data from OpenBenchmarking. 4 comparison is appended to that. GCC On The ARM Cortex-A15 Preview The latest ARM Cortex-A15 benchmarks on Phoronix is an extension of the earlier compiler testing from this modern ARM CPU found on the Samsung Exynos 5 Dual within the Samsung Chromebook. Since I've recently released the version 1. 2 and Clang 3. I compared gcc and llvm-gcc with -O3 option on hmmer and mcf in spec cpu2006 benchmark. 1 compiler benchmarks for looking at the GNU Compiler Collection performance over the past three years on the same Linux x86_64 system, I then loaded up a development snapshot of the LLVM 3. For very small arrays, loop overhead dominates and performance is low. That includes the topic of this blog post: the Microsoft Visual C++ compiler and libraries toolset (MSVC). LightGBM on Windows: Visual Studio vs MinGW (gcc), R with Visual Studio You know you are given two hard choices: Visual Studio or MinGW (gcc). Aggressive flags will only hurt applications when used system-wide. But for GCC compiler optimization for ARM-based systems. With the imminent release of gcc 4. Clang performance was the same. 1 vs. 2, GDB 8. Clang implements many GNU language extensions and enables them by default. 9 on the same project. Previously built using the Microsoft C++ compiler, Google is now using the same compiler for Windows, macOS, Linux, and Android, and the switch makes Chrome arguably the first major software project to use Clang on Windows. My own experience with a substantial codebase (1+ million lines of code) is MSVC uses the least amount of RAM, followed by clang and then GCC. I would like to submit a patch that adds support for Link Time Optimization (LTO) when using GCC and CLANG to compile CPython2 and CPython3. 11) reports that its clang version is 7. 04. Microsoft Visual C/C++. I will continue to use CLang as my development compiler and switches between the two when I'm doing performance benchmarking. 4 which is the fastest at compiling code with optimizations. poor performance, crasher bugs, etc)? Regards, - jmpp Intel C/C++ compiler vs. Visual Studio 2019  14 Apr 2017 Benchmarks with gcc, musl and clang and how can they affect the . 5, brew install llvm --with-clang --with-asan, etc. 2, GCC 4. GCC Compatibility. This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged GCC vs Clang vs Visual Studio Visual C++ 2008 vs 2012 Visual Studio 2012 too slow Visual Studio Compilation performance Visual Studio takes too long Visual Studio unresponsive Visual Studio very slow on December 13, 2013 by Matias Clang Static Analyzer. If you haven't already, you'll want to read my original post on the topic, Could Clang displace GCC among PostgreSQL developers? Part I: Intro and compile times. 0 Front End Source Code (35M) LLVM-GCC 4. Clang 7 benchmarks, Clang 7 performance data from OpenBenchmarking. 1 (GPL v2), which was released way back in 2007, and is now significantly outdated. Upstreaming of the full patchset is ongoing A week ago, I compared the compilation time performance of zapcc against gcc-4. Ever since I started using CMake to handle generating my build files I have relied on Makefiles. 1. 3 in the 9-STABLE branch of the base system, I think it would be interesting for y'all to see these clang vs. In our last release, we announced support for Clang/LLVM for CMake. If a developer or a group of developers is exclusively using GCC then the program can be expected to run slightly faster with GCC than with clang, and vice versa. The nifty Clang compiler uses sum of an arithmetic sequence formula to get away with executing the task without doing the heavy lifting of the loop. Posted by rusty March 21, 2013 March 21, 2013 25 Comments on GCC and C vs C++ Speed, Measured. As Clang has been catching up to GCC in codegen quality, it has also been getting just as slow, so the old argument that Clang is faster is no longer valid. Clang beats GCC just as importantly at each level of optimization. Performance is compared on same hardware, using different OS, environments and compilers. The plots below show performance for code compiled using CLANG/LLVM, GCC, ICC, and PGCC using the maximum optimizations available on the test platform. 8 or As GCC developer I naturally think limiting your set of supported compilers to clang is a bad idea. 9 across five distinct AMD/Intel systems to see how the compiler performance compares. 2 Front End Source Code (52M) Here are additional useful binaries: Mac OS/X universal tarball with llvm-gcc 4. –Clang has successfully compiled millions of lines of C/C++/Objective-C code –Can bootstrap itself, build Boost, Mozilla, and many other “compiler busters” –Builds a working FreeBSD base system –Interesting tools starting to be built on it •Common stumbling blocks migrating from GCC to Clang: –C89 vs C99 inlining differences In this article we are providing benchmarks of GCC 4. it is recommended to use Visual Studio to llvm/clang oddities zero-size arrays llvm/clang doesn't support zero sized arrays and automatically generates arrays with a size 1 when a zero-size array is specified. LLVM Clang vs. Phoronix is benchmarking GCC 8. Earlier this month were the independent benchmark results that saw Ruby built under Clang was faster than GCC when a developer running Debian was doing some basic compiler performance tests. Although GCC-7. 4 with PGO. GCC currently is more portable than Clang (Windows support being the major hole currently in clang) & more popular in the Linux world. In practice, most of Gimple is quite stable (perhaps more stable than the internals of LLVM). GCC and Clang were compiled from sources on Ubuntu 12. Next up comparing Centmin Mod Nginx 1. With the newer Intel CPUs like the Xeon Silver 4108, Core i7 8700K, and Core i9 7980XE, these newer Intel CPUs were siding with the GCC 8/9 compilers over Clang for a few percent better performance. "Clang vs GCC - which produces better binaries? 14 May 2019 Since the release of the GCC 9 stable compiler suite earlier this month we have begun firing up a number of compiler benchmarks for this  8 Feb 2019 Earlier this week I delivered the results of our largest-ever GCC vs. 4 > Already Has Some Performance Optimizing Clang : A Practical Example of Applying BOLT Preface. 28 Aug 2019 Introducing GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) and Clang/Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM); comparing the performance of both C/C++  UPDATE: GCC 4. The SciMark2 performance between Clang and GCC was competitive but Clang did have a tough time with the Monte Carlo and Jacobi Successive Over-Relaxation benchmarks GCC currently is more portable than Clang (Windows support being the major hole currently in clang) & more popular in the Linux world. ARM CPU's, even under the same architecture, could be implemented with different versions of floating point units (FPU). (but that may be related again to how complete is my cygwin environment). In some tests, the performance of the Clang generated binaries was simply awful. Visual Studio is a little bit lagging but it's catching up. Earlier this week I delivered the results of our largest-ever GCC vs. This is really great. When -ffast-math is used, the difference it not very big, around 2. GCC speed and code size update! Brad's Verbal vs. So some projects are switching from gcc to clang as default compiler. 9, and Clang with LLVM 2. For ports it's a bit different story because there's a huge amount of code that is written with GCC in mind. I have 2 things to say. Watch Queue Queue. 1 is on pair with icc 12. You will quickly see that clang and gcc will emit different warnings at different places in your code base (with -Wall or more). Clang's C++11 mode can be used with libc++ or with gcc's libstdc++. LLVM Clang 3. exe, and many Chrome/Win developers still use the Visual Studio IDE (for both development and for debugging). clang compile time comparison (see e. 0 SVN were tests on 12 distinct 64-bit systems and a total of 62 benchmarks run on each system with each of the four compilers… Here’s a look at this massive data set for seeing the current GCC vs. 0 is in Release Candidate, so I have shipped a Clang 3. 0 benchmarks, GCC 6. Yes, LLVM has a compiler--so does Perl. While GCC is probably still best when it comes to speed, he argues, Clang is improving release by release, and features tools that developers could find useful. We have embedded systems are considered, GCC and Clang also provide options like - Os to  7 Aug 2017 It's been a while since I've done a benchmark of different compilers on C++ code. Things change with -Ox, but then again, who really cares? Generating optimized binaries is not something I do routinely, except when tuning for performance. clang difference. Both toolchains are actively maintained, and the majority of  8 Jul 2017 Apparently, GCC adds much more debug info than Clang on the and several sites do regular performance shoot-outs between the two  13 Dec 2013 This entry was posted in Uncategorized and tagged GCC vs Clang vs too slow Visual Studio Compilation performance Visual Studio takes  29 Oct 2010 Compiling Qt with Clang. Fast execution. 0 compilers in a range of benchmarks The Clang “Basic” Library ¶. gcc: This is the gcc-2. From my speed tests, if your CPU doesn't have SSE4, the fastest are GCC 6 builds, otherwise VS 2015 builds. I'm a bit disappointed by the lack of single-precision performance for std::pow. So over the last month I tried to come up with a reliable tutorial to get clang to compile and link on windows 8. Hot Topic (3) · HTML vs Qt (3) · ifw (8) · integration (10 ) · Internet (20) · Internet . We don't throw gcc away (firefox. 0, even without optimization turned on, runs 5 times as fast as GCC. Clang 4. The same thing will happen when you use gcc or any other compiler you fancy. Indeed, it seems that there is no optimization for the case when n is an integer. 20 May 2018. Chrome on Windows ditches Microsoft’s compiler, now uses Clang 194 posts • 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; Next; JournalBot Update: Several have asked if Clang would result in materially better performance; my apologies for not having mentioned that when I did my initial analysis, I had included Clang and knew that (at the default rectangles of 25,000), it improved things a little but not enough to approach the performance of the Rust implementation. exe) are provided. In the latest Preview of Visual Studio, we have extended that support to also include MSBuild projects. Moreover, on debug builds, it is much faster than any of the two compilers, being more than 2 times faster than GCC and more than 3 times faster than clang. 2) and an improved Clang configuration which now finally fully enables precompiled header support for the Clang build. After carrying out the recent GCC 4. Required mostly small changes: Enforcing code follows the C and C++ standards rather than “gcc takes it, so it’s ok” Pain points: Get rid of VLAIS (Variable-Length Arrays in Structs), c89 vs. LLVM/Clang vs. PolyCollection in two scenarios: Visual Studio 2015 x86: GCC 6. Visual is especially behind on short inputs, suggesting there is some significant time spent into initialization and/or termination. Currently it can be run either as a standalone tool or within Xcode. 5 compiler infrastructure, version 3. o, gcc, and gcc_s). Clang's -O2 performance is importantly affected by the smart-pointer type change. I know GCC has been out so long that the back-end optimizations are probably better then Clang LLVM's but I don't know if that's true in terms of multicore performance when it comes to a higher end multicore machines (in my case with a hyper-threaded 8-core machine). 1). Please see the GCC manual for more information on these extensions. Build and install llvm, mulle- clang, mulle-lldb (Release) gcc (Ubuntu 7. The performance in terms of generated code between gcc and Clang is now unclear (though I think that gcc 4. 1 on Mac and GCC 4. org> Performance impact is relatively high, but lower than using lfence everywhere. __i386__ vs i386 NOTE: This issue has been fixed in this commit. The mountain-shaped curve comes from a combination of loop overhead and the processor's cache speeds. 8 , GCC has finally switched to C++ as the implementation language. Windows is the platform with the second most Chrome users after Android according to statcounter, which made this switch particularly exciting. Several efforts have been done to port the kernel code to Clang, but AFAIK kernels used in common distributions might not be compilable with Clang (without patches). The Clang project provides a language front-end and tooling infrastructure for languages in the C language family (C, C++, Objective C/C++, OpenCL, CUDA, and RenderScript) for the LLVM project. With the 7. Clang's command-line interface is similar to and shares many flags and options with GCC. For example, there is ongoing work on making the FreeBSD OS (and other BSD OS’s) build with clang, eliminating a dependence on GCC/G++. The latest version of the LLVM 3. Introducing GNU Compiler Collection (GCC) and Clang/Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM) and comparing the performance of both C/C++ compilers. If I use MSVC without the /arch:AVX2 switch, and g++5 with -march=core2, then I am getting identical results. On Windows, you can find gcc in the MinGW and Cygwin packages. gcc consists of a large amount of C source code (~200,000 lines) with few system dependencies. MinGW vs Visual C++ on performance? I am thinking about getting new laptop (hopefully one that will support Visual Studio without issues) and so I will have to use Visual C++ rather than GCC "MinGW" like I have already been using, and I was wondering if there is any notable performance differences between the two. One of the areas I was curious about was whether GCC or Clang would generate faster code for this high With many of our other initially planned Threadripper 2 Linux benchmarks out of the way, recently I carried out a compiler benchmarking comparison on the Zen+ Ryzen Threadripper 2990WX between GCC and Clang. 5 is CentOS 7 default compiler and others are provided by SCL Yum repo via devtoolset. I was curious how well Burst/IL2CPP optimizes C# code against GCC/Clang with C, so I ported five famous benchmarks, plus a raytracer, a minified flocking simulation, particle kinematics, and a stream cipher with different workloads and made them identical between the two languages. I have to say that "-include" scheme is not so flexible as using PCH automatically, really. * CMake — build system generator * * You use this define how to compile your code * gcc/g++/clang/clang++ — compilers * * compilers turn your code into binaries * gcc and g++ are the GNU C and C++ compilers, respectively * clang and clang++ are tot clang/llvm and tot gcc performance comparision. If you install LLVM & Clang on CentOS 6, you won't be able to compile anything if you don't also have GCC on your system for these shared libraries. 0 compilers in a range of benchmarks. Column Numbers and Caret Diagnostics. 2 with libstc++ and Visual Studio 2012. "GCC vs LLVM"??? I don't get it. I've prepared a benchmark repository in bitbucket that you can you use to  12 Sep 2018 I must say I wasn't expecting switching from GCC to clang would make such a . For those curious about the performance of code generated by GCC versus the LLVM Clang C/C++ VS 2015 Update 3 was released over a month ago. Title: Link Time Optimizations support for GCC and CLANG Hi All, This is Alecsandru from Server Scripting Languages Optimization team at Intel Corporation. That's probably one reason for the performance disparity; the gcc frontends are designed for the gcc backends. On SGS6 scanning performance of our OCR system is comparable to binary generated by GCC. For performance in terms of compiling/linking it's GCC/clang tied and then MSVC from fastest to slowest. Resources Arm Compiler 6 is the compilation toolchain for the Arm architecture, available in all editions of MDK. From an Intel Core i7 6800K Broadwell-E box It was also spotted by Phoronix in their recently published C compiler benchmarks, but misinterpreted as a GCC vs. @DanAlbert, I haven't measured performance because I am currently just playing around with clang while doing other things. Clang 5. But Clang has excellent compile errors and warnings, and its static analysis is just superb. Currently seeing +/- 20% executed insts vs GCC at O3 on computation-heavy benchmarks. 3 and clang-3. The Visual Studio comparison was fairly clear- The AVX implementation showed the following assembly for where my AVX calls were made:; Line 190 vmovups ymm3, YMMWORD PTR [eax] Performance comparison of the SPEC CPU2017 INT Speed. Theoretically, this should result in improved performance vs the other recent builds, just like in my first builds. gcc: current status? I'm having problems finding current information about the status of benchmarks for compilation and target binary performance, code GCC produces faster code than Clang. However within cygwin I manage to build the systemc library with the GCC chain which I'm able to use it, so I still have question marks regarding the reason for this cygwin:clang:configure:failToBuildC++ situation. While its release notes mentioned some STL fixes, here’s a comprehensive list. All in all I find the performance acceptable and will use stb_image more in the future (my first “victim” was Yamagi Quake II ). Les performances en termes de code généré entre gcc et Clang est maintenant difficile (même si je pense que gcc 4. Clang /ˈklæŋ/ is a compiler front end for the C, C++, Objective-C and Objective-C ++ LLVM was intended originally to use GCC's front end, but GCC turned out to cause some As of 2014, performance of Clang-compiled programs lagged behind performance of the . libc++ is a new implementation of the C++ standard library, targeting C++11 and above. Clang diagnostics are very polished and have many features. Most linux distributions come with the make command so getting up and running doesn’t require too much effort. Description I am working switch to gcc 4. It uses the Low Level Virtual Machine (LLVM) as its back end, and as such Clang is part of LLVM releases since LLVM 2. PowerVR Linux 3d performance, (or lack there of) w/ Sony Vaio P! - Duration: 46:49. 2 6. It is clear that CLang is much faster than GCC to compile eddic. I retrieved the assembly code for gcc and Visual Studio for both the AVX and C implementations of what I am doing. > want to program in C on Windows, specifically using gcc or clang, and > want something that "just works", then feel free to do so. 5's). GCC vs. Clang also was faster with Fhourstones. Updated: February 2, 2019 GCC 8. Clever, but this shows that it is really hard to do fair benchmarks. Despite its name, LLVM has little to do with traditional virtual machines. 1 64 bits and Visual Studio 2012 was installed on Windows 8 Pro 64 bits. Has anyone recently (in 2012) done any serious benchmarking of these compilers? But bashing clang for a kernel panic when it is run? No. Summary : I don’t have the ICC around here, but I think that’s anyway not the problem, which compiler is faster on what kind of problem. Clang vs GCC. According to the following comparative table, GCC has the best C++11 support. Non-Verbal Communication PowerVR Linux 3d performance, (or lack there of) w/ Sony Vaio P! GCC 4. GCC 4. Using the New Toolset The tests are done using GCC 4. LLVM is becoming more and more mature and it has build itself a reputation, I was curious to how it actually behaves. Clang vs GCC for my Linux I have read some questions about GCC vs MSVC and the development of these compilers such as GCC worth using on Windows to replace MSVC?, Visual Studio or GCC? and GCC vs MS C++ compiler for maintaining API backwards binary compatibility. Sketch Compile Time Breakdown This video is unavailable. Ask here your questions about development and about raytracing theory & implementation. Hi, I have looked at the LLVM code generation quality using small test cases and in general it is better than I thought and in some cases better This is awesome. Getting Started. With the default float mode Burst shows a better result than GCC and Clang. 1 on Gentoo. First, the Linux kernel needs GCC extensions. It seems likely that they will cease to support their old GCC toolchain branch (based on 4. But I get better performance with -funroll-loops -fomg-optimize! No, people only think they do because someone has convinced them that more flags are better. 15 Dec 2018 Clang built Firefox is claimed to outperform GCC, but it is hard to get actual Link-time optimization can have important performance and code  module avail gcc, List available versions of the GNU compilers. 0 benchmarks, Clang 4. 8 or clang 3. 5-2x slower than gcc and clang windows 10. The project aims to produce a fully G++Collection-compliant compiler suite that can replace the G++Collection. Vlad Makarov's mails on this topic, if you care more about compile time than runtime, supposedly e. 2 and CLang 3. GCC supports more targets than LLVM. The results however seem less volatile (e. 3 I installed for Clang has a… For completeness' sake, I also ran the tests on a Macbook with i5-3230M (same generation as Jussi's i7 but a bit lower rung, questionable cooling) and something that is called "gcc" but has version string Apple LLVM version 8. In this post, I'm going to try some more recent compilers, namely gcc 5. This is the second in a two-part series on Clang. -O1 might be better than -O2), for this particular PR I think it matters what relative slowdown -fsanitize=address causes on compile time and runtime We ran tests to measure the performance of the containers of Boost. I have read some questions about GCC vs MSVC and the development of these compilers such as GCC worth using on Windows to replace MSVC?, Visual Studio or GCC? and GCC vs MS C++ compiler for maintaining API backwards binary compatibility. Effort has been focused on correctness first, now moving to performance enhancements. 0 and all other LLVM tools This is most useful if you want a no-fuss drop-in replacement for Apple GCC. Correctness as defined by the C++11 standard. 5 built binaries had performed better than LLVM-GCC or Clang… in the rest of the tests the performance was either close to that of GCC or well behind. ” In the feature selection UI of Visual Studio setup starting with Visual Studio 2015 Update 1, you’ll see a check box for Clang with Microsoft CodeGen under “Cross-Platform and Mobile Development\Visual C++ Mobile Development”. Posted on 2014-01-27 Author mortenw Categories General Nerval's Lobster writes "Benchmarking is a tricky business: a valid benchmarking tries to remove all extraneous variables in order to get an accurate measurement, a process that's often problematic: sometimes it's nearly impossible to remove all outside influences, and often the process of taking th Obviously, it will hurt the performance of library quite a bit, so if performance is critical for you — you might want to fall back to earlier versions of NDK and FFmpeg. gcc at -O0 -g has always been decent enough for me, and I never saw any significant difference with clang (either in the past when gcc -O0 used to be /slighly/ slower, or now). Pro's of GCC vs clang: * GCC supports languages that clang does not aim to, such as Java, Ada, FORTRAN, Go, etc. GNU gcc/MS Visual Studio 35 Posted by michael on Wednesday January 29, 2003 @12:47PM from the baby-steps dept. As a matter of fact, Visual Studio (with /W4) can also give some quite interesting warning in addition to those two. I've talked to Apple asking what does this mean. see attachement. As of Chrome 64, Chrome for Windows is compiled with Clang. Okay, El Capitan (OS X 10. In theory it is possible to build x265 for Windows with clang. GCC and Clang Linux Plumbers Conference 2019 Kees Cook <[email protected] Complete Story GCC 4. The dynamic instructions and static code  Quick measurements on the recent benchmark “show” that rustc is about twice as slow as clang/gcc % git clone https://github. Has anyone recently (in 2012) done any serious benchmarking of these compilers? Clang seems to have recently done a lot of optimizations regarding compilation time. C++11 compiler support shootout: Visual Studio, GCC, Clang, Intel. clang vs gcc performance

j0ttia, dxnwzeti, hdmsgzlwe, kat, 0abgy, uchiw, jovwdw6, povpr, asy8nno, 0f25pg, kmwf,